Doctor Fish, Pedicure Fish (Garra rufa) CareSheet
The Doctor Fish, also known as the Pedicure Fish, is a vivacious and efficient grazer and scavenger that may be found in watersheds across the Middle East and Eastern Mediterranean, although it is being cultivated professionally for the aquarium trade. The Doctor Fish is a tiny, resilient, loosely schooling species that derives its name from its usage in Asian "fish spas," where human guests may receive "pedicures" from huge groups of these fish, which aggressively feed on dead skin when hungry. It is employed in many clinics that treat psoriasis and other human skin diseases because of its propensity to graze on dead skin cells. They are great algae eaters and grazers in the aquarium, but they should be fed a balanced diet with lots of protein. They are a gregarious species that thrives in groups of 3-5 or more.
The Doctor Fish, a loach family member, may be found in much of the Mediterranean and Middle East's colder freshwater habitats. It enjoys fast-moving, oxygen-rich water and will often swim straight against the current of a filter output or powerhead. The ability to maintain this fish requires a lot of water flow. Because this fish is a proficient jumper and climber, a sturdy cover or canopy on the tank is also essential for success.
The Doctor Fish grazes on biofilm that forms on driftwood, rocks, and plants, making it a good resident for planted aquariums with plenty of light. It will also consume a variety of fresh fruits and vegetables, as well as meaty items, both dried and frozen. Because biofilm seems to be an important part of the Doctor Fish's diet, it should not be given to new or biologically immature aquariums.
Origin: Aquacultured Asia
Diet: Omnivore and grazer, will readily accept most frozen and prepared foods.
Adult Size: 4.5"
Recommended Tank Size: 30 Gallons
Compatibility: Peaceful, best kept in groups of 3 or more
Preferred Water Parameters
pH: 6.8 - 7.5